WHAT IS PHONICS AND HOW WILL IT HELP TO TEACH CHILDREN / LEARNERS ?
Reading is an extraordinary thing. It is one of the most important skills acquired in early childhood. Those parents who are not a teacher or a literacy expert , it can be extremely difficult to know and understand from where to start. There have been many methods of teaching children how to read in the past but in the current time , the best practice is with the support of phonics in early reading programmes .
PHONICS is a method of instruction that helps learners to learn and be able to use the alphabetic principle - that means the concept of words which are made up of letters , and that letters represent sounds.
It is one of the five essential elements of learning to read ,alongside phonemic awareness , vocabulary , fluency of reading and comprehension.
It helps the learners to decode words with the help of sounds - showing them how to make connections between the letters of written texts ( letter symbols) and the sounds of the spoken language .
One of the major difficulty is that the learners facing difficult to understand phonics . Failure to grasp that printed symbols represent the sounds of spoken words makes it difficult to become a fluent reader.
Learners who are unable to link letters to their sound(s) will struggle to read.
Without an Understanding of the relationship between letters and sounds , the process of reading cannot occur.
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